dijous, 26 d’agost de 2010

Dreceres del VIM

Cursor movement

  • h - move left
  • j - move down
  • k - move up
  • l - move right
  • w - jump by start of words (punctuation considered words)
  • W - jump by words (spaces separate words)
  • e - jump to end of words (punctuation considered words)
  • E - jump to end of words (no punctuation)
  • b - jump backward by words (punctuation considered words)
  • B - jump backward by words (no punctuation)
  • 0 - (zero) start of line
  • ^ - first non-blank character of line
  • $ - end of line
  • G - Go To command (prefix with number - 5G goes to line 5)
Note: Prefix a cursor movement command with a number to repeat it. For example, 4j moves down 4 lines.

Insert Mode - Inserting/Appending text

  • i - start insert mode at cursor
  • I - insert at the beginning of the line
  • a - append after the cursor
  • A - append at the end of the line
  • o - open (append) blank line below current line (no need to press return)
  • O - open blank line above current line
  • ea - append at end of word
  • Esc - exit insert mode

Editing

  • r - replace a single character (does not use insert mode)
  • J - join line below to the current one
  • cc - change (replace) an entire line
  • cw - change (replace) to the end of word
  • c$ - change (replace) to the end of line
  • s - delete character at cursor and subsitute text
  • S - delete line at cursor and substitute text (same as cc)
  • xp - transpose two letters (delete and paste, technically)
  • u - undo
  • . - repeat last command

Marking text (visual mode)

  • v - start visual mode, mark lines, then do command (such as y-yank)
  • V - start Linewise visual mode
  • o - move to other end of marked area
  • Ctrl+v - start visual block mode
  • O - move to Other corner of block
  • aw - mark a word
  • ab - a () block (with braces)
  • aB - a {} block (with brackets)
  • ib - inner () block
  • iB - inner {} block
  • Esc - exit visual mode

Visual commands

  • > - shift right
  • < - shift left
  • y - yank (copy) marked text
  • d - delete marked text
  • ~ - switch case

Cut and Paste

  • yy - yank (copy) a line
  • 2yy - yank 2 lines
  • yw - yank word
  • y$ - yank to end of line
  • p - put (paste) the clipboard after cursor
  • P - put (paste) before cursor
  • dd - delete (cut) a line
  • dw - delete (cut) the current word
  • x - delete (cut) current character

Exiting

  • :w - write (save) the file, but don't exit
  • :wq - write (save) and quit
  • :q - quit (fails if anything has changed)
  • :q! - quit and throw away changes

Search/Replace

  • /pattern - search for pattern
  • ?pattern - search backward for pattern
  • n - repeat search in same direction
  • N - repeat search in opposite direction
  • :%s/old/new/g - replace all old with new throughout file
  • :%s/old/new/gc - replace all old with new throughout file with confirmations

Working with multiple files

  • :e filename - Edit a file in a new buffer
  • :bnext (or :bn) - go to next buffer
  • :bprev (of :bp) - go to previous buffer
  • :bd - delete a buffer (close a file)
  • :sp filename - Open a file in a new buffer and split window
  • ctrl+ws - Split windows
  • ctrl+ww - switch between windows
  • ctrl+wq - Quit a window
  • ctrl+wv - Split windows vertically

dissabte, 7 d’agost de 2010

From sysinstall to ZFS-only configuration.

I’d like to share how we set up new servers at my company.
As you know, sysinstall currently doesn’t support ZFS or GEOM configuration, but I’ll show you how to convert system installed with sysinstall to ZFS-only server. Even if you don’t want to follow all the steps, please take a look at ZFS datasets layout, which after several modifications I consider quite optimal for FreeBSD.
After doing all the steps below your system will use GPT partitions, encrypted+mirrored swap and mirrored ZFS system pool.
I’m assuming your server contains two identical disks (ada0 and ada1).
Start from installing FreeBSD on the first disk using regular installation CD/DVD. Choose exactly one slice and exactly one partition. Reboot.
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